After the oidium came the phylloxera. In 1879 this louse began infesting the vines
in Saint-Julien, and then, to cap it all, around 1885, mildew (or brown rot) settled
in the vineyards.
The Bordeaux vineyards paid a high price indeed for the international activities
of the port, the handling and transport of agricultural merchandise and the exchanges
of plants and viticultural practices. These three illnesses, that had thus crossed
the Atlantic from America, hit successive owners in three waves over a period of
sixty years. Fortunately, Léoville Poyferré came out of this battle carrying its
In the capable hands of the Bordeaux wine merchants, Poyferré benefited from the
opportunities and financial security of the famous “Place de Bordeaux” throughout
this difficult period of illnesses in the vineyards.
This system, by which the wine merchants and the properties took it in turns to dominate
the market, generated an essential stability that maintained the good reputation
of the Léoville Poyferré label from 1865 to 1920.